Atmospheric effects of stratospheric aircraft

a current consensus
  • 0.57 MB
  • 6270 Downloads
  • English

National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Office of Management, Scientific and Technical Information Division , Washington D.C
StatementA.R. Douglass ... [et al.].
SeriesNASA reference publication -- 1251
ContributionsDouglass, Anne R., United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Scientific and Technical Information Division.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14339957M

The NRC Panel on the Atmospheric Effects of Aviation (PAEAN) was established to provide guidance to NASA's Atmospheric Effects of Aviation Program (AEAP) by evaluating the appropriateness of the program's research plan, appraising the project-sponsored results relative to the current state of scientific knowledge, identifying key scientific uncertainties, and suggesting research activities.

The Atmospheric Effects of Stratospheric Aircraft (AESA) project is the stratosphere-oriented half of NASA's Atmospheric Effects of Aviation Project (AEAP). A component of the High-Speed Research Program, AESA is a comprehensive effort to predict the atmospheric impacts of a future fleet of supersonic aircraft flying in the stratosphere.

A Review of NASA's 'Atmospheric Effects of Stratospheric Aircraft' Project Paperback – November 5, by National Research Council (Author), Division on Earth and Life Studies (Author), Environment and Resources Commission on Geosciences (Author), Author: National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Environment and Resources Commission on Geosciences.

Atmospheric effects of stratospheric aircraft. Washington, D.C.: National Aeronautics and Space Administration ; Springfield, VA: For sale by the National Technical Information Service, (OCoLC) Atmospheric effects of stratospheric aircraft. Washington, D.C.: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Office of Management, Scientific and Technical Information Division ; Springfield, Va.: For sale by the National Technical Information Service, It comes at the end of Phase 1 of the Atmospheric Effects of Stratospheric Aircraft element of the NASA High-Speed Research Program.

The fundamental problem with stratospheric flight is that pollutant residence times are long because the stratosphere is a region of permanent temperature inversion with stable stratification. The NASA Atmospheric Effects of Aviation Project (AEAP) Global Modeling Initiative (GMI) three-dimensional (3-D) chemical transport model (CTM) was applied to assess the impact of a fleet of high.

Building on NASA's research in atmospheric science and emissions reduction, the AESA studies particularly emphasizing stratospheric ozone effects. Because it will not be possible to directly measure the impact of an HSCT aircraft fleet on the atmosphere, the only means of assessment will be prediction.

Full text of "NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS) The Atmospheric Effects of Stratospheric Aircraft: a First Program Report" See other formats.

M.T. Coffey, J.W. Hannigan, in Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences (Second Edition), Stratospheric Effects. The most important atmospheric effect of volcanoes is probably the introduction of aerosols to the stratosphere. Aerosols are produced by the reaction of gaseous H 2 S and SO 2 with water to form aqueous sulfuric acid (H 2 SO 4.

Stratospheric Effects. The most important atmospheric effect of volcanoes is probably the introduction of aerosols to the stratosphere. Aerosols are produced by the reaction of gaseous H 2 S and SO 2 with water to form aqueous sulfuric acid (H 2 SO 4). Sulfuric acid condenses onto solid particles to form stratospheric aerosols.

Energetic. @article{osti_, title = {The atmospheric effects of stratospheric aircraft.

Download Atmospheric effects of stratospheric aircraft FB2

Report of the Models and Measurements Workshop. Volume 2: Comparisons with global atmospheric measurements}, author = {Prather, M.J.

and Remsberg, E.E.}, abstractNote = {This Workshop on Stratospheric Models and Measurements (M M) marks a significant expansion in the history of model intercomparisons. The advent of high-speed civil transport aircraft (HSCT's) some 25 years ago generated considerable concern about potential impacts on the stratosphere.

With. The scientific assessment of the atmospheric effects of stratospheric aircraft Article (PDF Available) December with 57 Reads How we measure 'reads'. The ability of stratospheric aerosols to create a global dimming effect has made them a possible candidate for use in solar radiation management climate engineering projects to limit the effect and impact of climate change due to rising levels of greenhouse gases.

Delivery of precursor sulfide gases such as sulfuric acid, hydrogen sulfide (H 2 S) or sulfur dioxide (SO. The key advantage of stratospheric flight is that the aircraft will be 'above the weather' - but is this always the case.

Details Atmospheric effects of stratospheric aircraft FB2

Part three of the book investigates the extreme atmospheric conditions that may be encountered in the upper atmosphere.

How high can a storm cell reach and what is it like to fly into one?5/5(1). Wuebbles D.J., Kinnison D.E. () Sensitivity of Stratospheric Ozone to Present and Possible Future Aircraft Emissions. In: Schumann U. (eds) Air Traffic and the Environment — Background, Tendencies and Potential Global Atmospheric Effects.

Lecture Notes in Cited by: 4. NASA/CR— 2 Choice of the emission index for NOx is an important issue since much of the concern regarding the atmospheric effects of aircraft emissions arise from NOx amounts.

For this study, emission indices of 10 and 20 g/kg fuel were considered for all the fuel burn cases. The stratosphere (/ ˈ s t r æ t ə ˌ s f ɪər,-t oʊ-/) is the second major layer of Earth's atmosphere, just above the troposphere, and below the stratosphere is stratified (layered) in temperature, with warmer layers higher and cooler layers closer to the Earth; this increase of temperature with altitude is a result of the absorption of the Sun's ultraviolet radiation by.

aircraft fleet operations will also be significant in affect­ ing atmospheric trace gas concentrations. These and other concerns have led to an increasing amount of research into the atmospheric effects of cur­ rent and future aircraft operations.

In the U.S., NASA's Atmospheric Effects of Aviation Project is composed of. The effect of aircraft emissions on atmospheric ozone has been studied with a two-dimensional model of the troposphere and stratosphere.

Emissions in the first place of NO x, but also of H 2 O are the main factors influencing ozone. However, because of the growing presence of artificial chlorine compounds in the atmosphere important, but Cited by: 7.

stratospheric aircraft may contribute to stratospheric ozone depletion and global climate change (e.g., IPCC and NAS ). However, this study is significantly different in that it draws from updated assessments of the atmospheric impacts of a future fleet of HSCT (Kawa et al.

) and updated data on the relationship between. Atmospheric Science, Second Edition, is the long-awaited update of the classic atmospheric science text, which helped define the field nearly 30 years ago and has served as the cornerstone for most university curricula.

Now students and professionals alike can use this updated classic to understand atmospheric phenomena in the context of the latest discoveries, and prepare.

Description Atmospheric effects of stratospheric aircraft EPUB

Based on careful evaluation of scientific studies performed in the U.S., Europe, and the Soviet Union, the workshop concluded that the effects of rocket propulsion on stratospheric ozone depletion, acid rain, toxicity, air quality, and global warming were minuscule compared to other anthropogenic impacts.

Free Online Library: INFLUENCE OF ATMOSPHERIC CLOUD RADIATIVE EFFECTS ON LARGE-SCALE STRATOSPHERIC CIRCULATION.(PAPERS OF NOTE) by "Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society"; Business Earth sciences Clouds Research Clouds (Meteorology) Meteorological research Stratospheric circulation.

MAESA - Measurements for Assessing the Effects of Stratospheric Aircraft. Looking for abbreviations of MAESA. It is Measurements for Assessing the Effects of Stratospheric Aircraft. Measurements for Assessing the Effects of Stratospheric Aircraft listed as MAESA.

The key advantage of stratospheric flight is that the aircraft will be 'above the weather' - but is this always the case. Part three of the book investigates the extreme atmospheric conditions that may be encountered in the upper atmosphere.

How high can a storm cell reach and what is it 5/5(3). The scientific publications will be summarized in "The Atmospheric Effects of Stratospheric Aircraft (AESA): A Fourth Program Report," which is to be prepared in coordination with the next AESA annual meeting in June Click on the article title to read by: 2.

Geoengineering, the large-scale manipulation of a specific process central to controlling Earth’s climate for the purpose of obtaining a specific benefit. Global climate is controlled by the amount of solar radiation received by Earth and also by the fate of this energy within the Earth system—that.

atmospheric pressure is down to hPa, meaning that % of effects of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) on stratospheric ozone, some Exercise The cruising altitudes of subsonic and supersonic aircraft are 12 km and 20 km respectively.

What is the relative difference in air densityFile Size: 59KB.The next breakthrough in our understanding of stratospheric O3 came about in the late s when the United States and other countries considered the launch of a supersonic aircraft fleet flying in the stratosphere.

Atmospheric chemists were called upon to assess the effects of such a .Effects of a polar stratospheric cloud parameterization on ozone depletion due to stratospheric aircraft in a two-dimensional model David B. Considine Applied Research Corporation, Landover, Maryland Anne R.

Douglass and Charles H.,lackman NASA Goddard File Size: 1MB.